Pai Gow Poker Gambling Strategy
The game is played with a standard card deck , plus a single joker. It is played on a table set for six players, plus the dealer. Each player attempts to defeat the banker who may be the casino dealer, one of the other players at the table, or a player acting in tandem with the dealer as co-bankers. The five-card hand is called the hand "behind", or the "bottom" or "high" or "big" as they are placed that way in front of the player, when the player is done setting them.
The cards are shuffled, and then dealt to the table in seven face-down piles of seven cards per pile. Four cards are unused regardless of the number of people playing. Betting positions are assigned a number from 1 to 7, starting with whichever player is acting as banker that hand, and counting counter-clockwise around the table. A number from 1 to 7 is randomly chosen either electronically or manually with dice , then the deal begins with the corresponding position and proceeds counter-clockwise.
One common way of using dice to determine the dealer starting number is to roll three six-sided dice, and then count betting spots clockwise from the first position until the number on the dice is reached.
If a player is not sitting on a particular spot, the hand is still assigned, but then placed on the discard pile with the four unused cards. In some casinos, such as the Golden Nugget and Palms in Las Vegas, Nevada , an extra "dragon hand" is dealt if a seat is vacant.
After all players have set their original hand they are asked in turn if they would like to place another bet to play the dragon hand. Generally the bet on the dragon hand can be the table minimum up to the amount the player bet on their original hand. The first player to accept the dragon hand receives it; this player is effectively playing two separate hands. Rules vary from casino to casino, but generally the dealer turns over the dragon hand and sets it using the house way.
This is because the player has already seen 7 cards their original hand which could affect the way they would set the dragon hand. Five-card hands use standard poker hand rankings with one exception: The joker plays as a bug , that is, in the five-card hand it can be used to complete a straight or flush if possible; otherwise it is an ace.
In the two-card hand it always plays as an ace, except in several southern Californian casinos where the joker is wild. If only one of his hands beats the banker then he pushes ties in which case neither he nor the banker wins the bet.
If both of his hands lose to the banker then he loses. If the player fouls his hand, meaning that his two-card hand outranks his five-card hand, or that there are an incorrect number of cards in each hand, there will usually be a penalty: In casino-banked games, the banker is generally required to set his hand in a pre-specified manner, called the "house way", so that the dealer does not have to implement any strategy in order to beat the players.
Californian casinos typically charge a flat fee per hand such as 5 cents or one dollar to play, win or lose. There are a number of variations of Pai Gow poker that are popular in casinos today. These variations were mainly formulated in - Pai Gow Mania was the first variation to be created which allows for two side bets instead of the traditional one side bet per hand.
Fortune Pai Gow is another variation which allows players to make a side bet on a poker hand ranking of trips or better. This is one of the most popular variations. Similar to Fortune Pai Gow is Emperors Challenge, which also allows a side bet on a 7 card pai gow no hand. Shuffle Master introduced a variation of the game in , adding a progressive jackpot side bet, named Progressive Fortune Pai Gow. Part or all of the jackpot may be won by placing a side bet and landing one of the hands specified on the payout table.
Advantage play refers to legal methods used to gain an advantage while gambling. In pai gow poker, a player may be able to gain an advantage in certain circumstances by banking as often as possible, taking advantage of unskilled players while banking, and dealer errors when not banking. The idea for the game came to Torosian after being told about the game Pusoy by an elderly Filipino customer. He figured that the 13 card game with players arranging 3 hands would be too slow, but a simplified 2 hand version with only 7 cards would be faster and easier for players to learn.
The game quickly became popular and by the late s was being played on the Las Vegas strip, and eventually worldwide. Torosian famously failed to patent the game he invented after being given bad advice by an attorney he consulted, and noted poker author Mike Caro , both of whom told him that the game was not patentable.
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